December 7 is Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day commemorates the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on Dec 7, 1941. Although Pearl Harbor Day is not a public holiday, the American Flag should be flown at half-staff in front of homes, businesses, the White House, and all government buildings, as directed by the United States Congress.
The attack on Pearl Harbor
At 7:55 a.m. on December 7, 1941, the U.S. Naval base of Pearl Harbor was attacked by Japanese fighter planes. Five subsequent attacks followed until 9 p.m. that evening. During these attacks, nearly 20 naval vessels were damaged or destroyed and over 300 airplanes were destroyed. 2,403 American service members and civilians died, while 1,000 more were wounded. The Japanese, however, did not attack vital targets like shipyards, oil storage, or repair facilities. American aircraft carriers stationed at Pearl Harbor were away from the base that day, rendering them safe from the attack.
On December 8, 1941, the day after the attack, President Franklin D. Roosevelt called December 7th, “A date which will live in infamy,” and asked Congress to declare war on Japan.
Honor and remember
On August 23, 1994, December 7th was designated by the United States Congress as National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day. In honor and remembrance of those who were killed and wounded at Pearl Harbor, Americans should fly Outdoor American Flags and subordinate flags at half-staff from sunrise to sundown.